Percentage of banks in offering Credit Transfer services
As of January 2010, nearly 4500 banks in 32 countries offer Credit Transfer () services for euro payments. The payment service providers offering services today represent roughly 95 percent of payment volume in Europe. Due to mergers and acquisitions the absolute number of scheme participants has slightly decreased compared to previous Market Uptake Reports featured in this Newsletter. The Participant Register is publicly available at http://epc.cbnet.info/content/adherence_database.
Percentage of transactions compared to total volume generated by customers
According to the Indicators compiled by the European Central Bank (ECB), the share of Credit Transfers () as a percentage of the total volume of credit transfers generated by bank customers amounts to 5.3 per cent as of November 2009 (up from 4.8 per cent in October 2009; latest data available).
The ECB Indicators are publicly accessible at http://www.ecb.int/paym/sepa/timeline/use/html/index.en.html.
A figure of 100 per cent would indicate that only services are used and have fully replaced the non- instruments.
The Indicators are based on aggregated data provided by clearing and settlement infrastructures in the euro area processing transactions. These data exclude transactions sent for example via links between infrastructures to avoid double-counting. The data also exclude "on-us" transactions ( Credit Transfers between accounts at the same bank) as well as transactions cleared between banks bilaterally or via correspondent banking.
The ECB Indicators also show market uptake by country. The Scheme was launched in January 2008.
Percentage of banks in offering Direct Debit services
The launched the Core Direct Debit Scheme ( Core) and the Business to Business Direct Debit Scheme ( B2B) on 2 November 2009. As of this date, banks throughout are gradually starting to deliver Direct Debit services to their customers. All branches of banks in the euro area must be reachable for Core Direct Debit by 1 November 2010 as mandated by the EU Regulation on cross-border payments in the Community. As of January 2010, 2647 banks representing about seventy per cent of payment volumes have signed up to the Core Direct Debit Scheme. Of those, 2411 banks have also adhered to the Business to Business Scheme. The Participant Registers for the Core and the B2B Schemes, respectively, are publicly available at http://epc.cbnet.info/content/adherence_database.
Percentage of transactions compared to total volume generated by customers
It is yet to be determined when the first Indicators will be published.
for Cards: tracking EMV roll-out
As reported in the previous issues of the Newsletter, good progress is being made in the realisation of a for Cards. The latter's aim is to enable a consiste nt customer experience when making or accepting payments with cards. The 's Cards Framework (SCF) outlines high level principles and rules that when implemented by banks and card schemes will deliver this consistent experience. The SCF recognises the EMV standard as the technology platform for Europe-wide acceptance of payments with cards at very high levels of security. EMV stands for Europay MasterCard Visa programme to implement CHIP and PIN security for card transactions.
An important indicator on the progress in this area is the number of cards, POS (points of sale: terminals at retailers' check outs) and ATMs now in the market that require the use of PIN and CHIP for the authorisation of a card payment. More specifically, the percentage of so called EMV-compliant cards, POS and ATMs in is monitored. According to the latest findings of the Cards Working Group, as of end third quarter 2009; EMV compliance is 70 per cent for cards, 78 per cent for POS and 94 per cent for ATMS.
preparedness of the public sector
is a policy-maker-driven public harmonisation initiative launched by -governments, the European Commission and the European Central Bank, designed to complete the internal market and monetary union. As a matter of principle it may therefore be expected that the public sector will act as the launching customer of the new payment services.
The First Annual Progress Report on the State of Migration in 2008 (February 2009) issued by the European Commission concluded that "since its launch, the uptake of in the public sector has been very limited."
The results of the Second Survey on the Preparedness and Migration of Public Administrations to (July 2009) published by the Commission services for the reporting period of March 2009 indicated that general preparedness of public administrations would be progressing at a faster pace than actual migration and consequently a significant increase in Credit Transfer rates could be expected during the remainder of 2009 and in the course of 2010.
The Second Annual Progress Report on the state of migration in 2009 (November 2009) prepared by the Commission finds that high-volume payment users such as public administrations - even if strongly committed to - are slow in migrating to with only 1.5 per cent weighted migration rate in September 20091 and therefore being significantly below the overall migration rate in euro area. There are however 3 Member States which beat the general average migration trend by a large margin, namely Luxembourg, Slovenia and Belgium, with rates of 100 per cent, 60 per cent and 18 per cent respectively. For public administrations in the remaining Member States, the migration rate is either below the average national rate or even zero. For detailed information on the results of the Second Annual Progress Report on the state of migration in 2009 refer to the article "Expectations are promising (and Patience is a Virtue)" in this Newsletter; a link to this article is set out below.
The will monitor closely whether the significant rise in market uptake by public administrations in the course of 2010 as predicted by the Commission services' reports will actually materialise.
preparedness of the corporate sector
The Readiness Survey 2009 by Deloitte focusing on the corporate sector finds that readiness has significantly increased compared to 2008. The Survey shows that those corporates which have a dedicated team and strategy in place are already deriving significant benefits from implementation. At the same, the majority of companies now identify not only as a compliance issue, but also as a business opportunity. For detailed findings of the Readiness Survey 2009 refer to the article " Survey 2009: Corporate Readiness on the Rise. The findings confirm that early movers have everything to gain"; a link to this article is set out below.
Validity of existing mandates under the Direct Debit Scheme
In any direct debit scheme, a mandate is completed by the debtor (a customer purchasing goods or services) to authorise the creditor (the provider of goods or services) to collect payments via direct debit. At the same time, a mandate usually includes the authorisation of the debtor bank to pay these collections. To facilitate migration of customers to the Direct Debit Scheme, it is imperative that mandates existing today can be used under the scheme, even if these do not incidentally meet all the requirements of the mandate. Where necessary, Member States must devise legislative solutions to ensure the continued legal validity of existing mandates under the Direct Debit Scheme.
According to the Second Annual Progress Report on the state of migration in 2009 this issue has been addressed in all Member States "with the important exception of Germany". Direct debits are used twice as much in Germany as in the whole of the European Union2.
Setting a deadline for migration to
The recognises the value of setting a deadline for migration to services. An end date for phasing out legacy euro payment instruments creates awareness, ensures planning security for all market participants and confirms the commitment to making a reality. In the view of the , mandating an EU-wide end date would require EU regulation. The European Central Bank (ECB) observes that "corporations and public administrations (...) still take a cautious approach" towards implementation. To break that circle of "wait and see", the ECB states that a migration end date is needed rom which point onwards only the European payment instruments will exist3. The European Parliament called on the European Commission to set a "clear, appropriate and binding end date, which date should not be later than 31 December 2012, for migrating to products"4.The European Commission believes that an end date would send a strong signal to all stakeholders that migration is an irreversible process and would provide certainty so that stakeholders could adopt a strategy and plan necessary investments in the next few years5.
In June 2009 the European Commission launched a consultation on whether and how deadlines should be set for the migration of existing payment products - i.e. credit transfers and direct debits - to the new Single Euro Payments Area () products. For details on the feedback received during this consultation please refer to the article "Towards a migration end date? Commission services publish feedback on public consultation on possible end date(s) for migration"; a link to this article is included below.
On 2 December 2009, the ECOFIN (Economic and Financial Affairs Council - comprising the Economics and Finance Ministers of the Member States) stated that "establishing definitive end-dates for and migration would provide the clarity and the incentive needed by the market, ensuring that the substantial benefits of are rapidly achieved and that the high costs of running both legacy and products in parallel can be eliminated. In this regard, each product shall be assessed separately and specific preconditions of Member States have also to be taken into account (e.g. in Eurozone versus non-Eurozone Member States). Moreover, specific needs and interests of end consumers have to be considered. Finally, different possibilities for setting an end-date shall be demonstrated, each with its advantages and disadvantages (e. g. -regulation, ECB-regulation, national measures)". The ECOFIN therefore invited the Commission, in collaboration with the ECB and in close cooperation with all actors concerned, to carry out a thorough assessment of whether legislation is needed to set binding end-dates for and and to come up with a legislative proposal should this assessment confirm the need for binding end dates.
The market is now awaiting the results of this assessment. For a commentary on the ECOFIN conclusions on , refer to the article "Clarity and Incentives needed. ECOFIN conclusions of December 2009 on setting an end date for migration to " in this Newsletter; a link to this article is set out below.
Herman Segers is the Secretary General of the .
Related articles in this issue:
Related articles in previous issues:
1 This rate decreased from 2.3 % shown in the second Commission services' survey on public administrations preparedness and migration to (status March 2009) to 1.5 % due to a statistical effect, namely that France provided an updated survey reply representing all of its PA transactions. Given that France has a very large number of PA transactions (852 million) and has not started to use yet, this drove down the euro area average considerably by increasing the statistical base compared to the previous survey. It is therefore important to note that this should not be perceived as an actual decline of transactions in the euro area compared to the survey results published in July 2009.
2 SEPA2008: Uniform Payment Instruments for Europe. Association of German Banks. 2nd revised edition. September 2008.
3 The Quest for the Holy Grail? - European Financial Integration: Achievements and Hurdles. Speech by Getrude Tumpel-Gugerell, Member of the Executive Board of the ECB. Workshop on "Securing the Future Critical Financial ICT-Infrastructure (CFI)" organized by Parsifal. Frankfurt, 16 March 2009.
4 European Parliament. Resolution on the implementation of the Single Euro Payments Area (). 11 March 2009.
5 European Commission Internal Market and Services DG. Second Meeting of the EU Forum of National Committees. Discussion Paper on possible End-Date(s) for Migration. 23 March 2009.
If you would like to comment on this article, please identify yourself with your first and last name. Your name will appear next to your comment. Email addresses will not be published. Please note that by accessing or contributing to the discussion you agree to abide by the EPC website conditions of use.