Guidance on reason codes for SEPA Credit Transfer R-transactions

The European Payments Council ( ) released the version 4.0 of the document ‘Guidance on Reason Codes for R-transactions’ in November 2022. It applies to the current applicable 2021 Single Euro Payments Area ( ) Credit Transfer ( ) rulebook.

To give some background: one of the main benefits of the  scheme is that the scheme rules streamline exception handling, at both process and dataset level. This allows straight-through-processing and automated exception handling end-to-end. Possible exceptions to the normal execution of an   transaction include rejects, returns, recalls and requests for recall by the originator (commonly referenced as ‘R-transactions’ and described in detail in the   rulebook). 

The   rulebook specifies reasons which trigger an R-transaction or an   inquiry, i.e. data elements required to convey information to the payer (Originator) regarding the R-transaction or the   inquiry. These data elements identify the type of the R-transaction or the   inquiry; name the initiator; and detail the reason for the R-transaction or the   inquiry.

The correct application of these reason codes by a Beneficiary Payment Service Provider ( ) (the of the payee), informing an Originator (the of the payer), about a failed   transaction or an   inquiry is crucial to allow the Originator to determine its reaction. Therefore,   scheme participants must apply the specific   R-transaction or inquiry reason codes described in the rulebook when reporting a failed   transaction or an   inquiry.

Section 3 of the document provides guidance to   scheme participants about the reason codes to report specific   transaction issues.

The only change covered in the version 4.0 concerns a more appropriate root cause for the reason code BE04 ‘Missing Creditor Address’.

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